One newspaper was published by the Citizen Publishing Company and the other by the Star Publishing Company. JoAs allows competing newspapers to share security, and advertising revenue (the source of most of their profits), but they need to maintain separate newsrooms to offer their city more diverse perspectives. In practice, two dailies that appear in the same city or in a geographic area combine business processes, while maintaining separate and competitive news operations. Similar rules allowed most U.S. average cities to have two daily newspapers until recently. The number of joint enterprise agreements and the number of evening dailies have declined considerably in recent years due to the gradual consolidation of the press industry as a whole and the decline in readership and interest in evening newspapers, which many observers attribute to television and the internet, which seems to be reinforced by the presence of several 24-hour messages on cable television. So far, there have been 28 joint enterprise agreements. The Chattanooga Times and chattanooga News-Free Press were the first to be terminated on August 27, 1966.   This type of integrated JOA was used by health systems that wanted to integrate operations, but also wanted to maintain their separate business existence. Two or more health systems would form a jointly managed organization, with governance divided between the new entity and existing entities. As part of a contractual agreement, revenues were shared and capital expenditures were made on a pre-established basis. Such a JOA is not contrary to cartel and abuse legislation, as it has been considered an integrated joint venture, with each partner sharing the risk. As a result, related companies could conduct joint negotiations and strategic planning through the joint organization.
In 1996, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) decided that such integrated joint ventures of not-for-profit health care providers could retain their non-profit status. In other words, the IRS viewed the joint venture as an extension of exempt related companies and not as a new taxable entity. Any contract, agreement, joint venture or other agreement between two or more companies in which the activity and physical entities of a failing company are merged, while each entity retains its separate entity status in terms of profits and individual orders. The objective of a Joint Enterprise Agreement (JAA) is to protect a company from failure, but to prevent monopolization within a sector by allowing each party to maintain a separate kind of operation. SALONS are used in newspapers, health care, gas and oil and other sectors. The Newspaper Preservation Act (NPA) was passed by Congress following strong lobbying by the press industry.