noviembre 30, 2021

Shimla Agreement And Lahore Declaration

The dialogue process seemed to resume slowly in 2001. At the Agra Summit in India in August 2001, the parties did not mention the «Lahore process», but discussed some of the issues that play an important role in this process. India said it would implement the unilateral confidence-building measures (BMCs) announced on the eve of the summit on trade, visas, educational exchanges and security. The two sides discussed measures to reduce nuclear risk, cooperate to end drug trafficking and other cross-border issues, as well as trade relations. However, the parties were unable to agree on a joint statement due to differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue. In 1998, the foreign ministries of the two countries initiated a peace process aimed at easing tensions in the region. On the 23rd The Treaty was signed on 21 February 1999 at the end of a historic summit in Lahore and ratified the same year by the parliaments of the two countries. [1] The Shimla Agreement was signed on July 2, 1972 by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. In this context, both India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. Where appropriate, the technical modalities of the above-mentioned measures should be developed by experts from both Parties at meetings to be held before mid-1999, on mutually agreed dates, in order to reach bilateral agreements. .

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